What is periodontal therapy?

If you have developed or are suffering from gum disease, then periodontal therapy is a possible solution for you. Periodontal therapy is a term for the several arrays of treatments that you may be required to undergo to treat gum disease. The treatments also play an essential role in restoring health to your gums and teeth while preventing any form of tooth loss. There are both non-surgical and surgical treatments available for gum diseases- the choice of method used would depend on the severity of your issue. However, the least invasive procedures are usually the most preferred whenever possible. 

How does periodontal therapy work?

Periodontal treatments and therapies are usually very effective. As long as the patient follows the dentist’s directions during the maintenance stage, any risk of recurrence is improbable. Good maintenance includes no use of tobacco products and careful oral hygiene.

Gum disease is caused by bacteria or germs that live in the mouth. These bacteria usually stick to the teeth and irritate the gums- causing it to bleed. With periodontal treatments, the gums and teeth are cleaned to help control the bacteria responsible for causing the gum disease the patient is experiencing. 

When would you need periodontal therapy?

Periodontal treatment may be required under the following conditions:

  • When localized gum recession has occurred: Usually, advancing gum disease begins in one area of the mouth. However, when one part of the mouth has a gum recession, it requires treatment as soon as possible to ensure that it does not spread to the rest of the mouth.
  • When gum disease starts advancing: Most people experience a mild form of gum disease called gingivitis. However, periodontal treatment is needed to fix it if this condition progresses to moderate or advanced periodontitis.
  • When bone loss begins: If gum disease advances far enough, it can lead to loosening teeth and bone loss. Different forms of periodontal treatments may be required to remedy the condition.

 

The Process

The process requires the removal of calculus or tartar caused by bacteria by scaling or cleaning the teeth. Periodontal therapy is typically given over several appointments, depending on how widespread or severe the disease is. A patient with a more aggressive form of gum disease may be required to take short courses of antibiotic medications after the treatment. 

After a successful treatment, the patient will learn the best methods of cleaning their teeth and gums to eliminate bacteria. Treatment is often most effective if the patient already cleans their teeth thoroughly daily.

The Benefits of Periodontal Therapy

After going through periodontal treatment, your gums will become healthy again, and this will help keep your teeth longer. However, improvements will depend on how severe your gum disease was in the first place and how good your cleaning ends up. If your gums are swollen, turn red, or even bleed, this will get better. Periodontal therapy also makes loose teeth firm, treats sore gums, and ensures fresher breath.